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Saturday, September 02, 2006

18 Parts of An Extensive Examination of the DataGrid Web Control by 4guys

Totally 4Guys exmplaind about DataGrid for ASP.NET in detail with 18 Article…

Introduction
One of the most common tasks in classic ASP was retrieving tabular information from a database and displaying it in an HTML table. With classic ASP this would require many lines of intermixed HTML and code; the following pseudocode shows what the code would commonly look like:

Create Database Connection
Populate a recordset based on some SQL query
Output the HTML table header (<table ...>)
Loop through the recordset
  Emit the HTML for a table row
 ...
Emit the HTML table footer (</table>)

If you're an ASP developer chances are you've written code like above more times than you'd care to admit! One of the advantages of ASP.NET is that it contains a number of Web controls. These Web controls, which emit HTML, provide a programmatic interface, allowing developers to separate code and content and treat these HTML emitting entities as objects in their code. That is, if we wanted to display some HTML content using ASP.NET we'd do the following:

<script language="vb" runat="server">
sub Page_Load(sender as Object, e as EventArgs)
lblMessage.Text = "Hello, World!"
end sub
</script>
<asp:label runat="server" id="lblMessage" />

Here the label Web control lblMessage is placed in the HTML using HTML-like tags with the runat="server" attribute specified. Then, in the Page_Load event handler (which is run every time the page is loaded) the Text property of the lblMessage Web control is set to "Hello, World!" The use of Web controls here separates the code from the content; in classic ASP one would need to place a <%="Hello, World!"%> in the proper place within the HTML content to achieve the same effect.

There are ASP.NET Web controls that are much more useful and powerful than the simple label control. The DataGrid Web control, which we'll be dissecting in this article, is one such powerful control. The DataGrid emits the needed HTML for data-bound HTML tables. As we'll soon see, binding data to a DataGrid is very easy; furthermore, with only a few slight property changes you can customize the look and feel the DataGrid's output, rendering very professional looking HTML tables (a feat when one considers my utter lack of artistic skill!).

Totally 4Guys exmplaind about DataGrid for ASP.NET in detail with 18 Article…

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